Application of the Critical Theory

"Fromm is one of the first scholars to contribute to the discipline of social-psychology, if not the father of social-psychology. He negated determinately Freud's psychoanalysis by refocusing psychoanalysis from Freud's main thesis that the central problem of man is that of his libido to the notion that the central problem of human beings is dealing with dichotomies inherent in their existence (Jensen, 2003, pg. 18)"

Erich Fromm (1900-1980)

Books by Erich Fromm - If you know of other books written by this author that are not listed below, please E-mail them to me, and I will add them to the list.

  • 1941 - Escape from freedom
  • 1947 - Man for himself: An inquiry into the psychology of ethics
  • 1950 - Psychoanalysis and religion
  • 1951 - The forgotten language: An introduction to the understanding of dreams, fairy tales, and myths
  • 1955 - The dogma of Christ and other essays on religion, psychology, and culture
  • 1955 - The sane society
  • 1956 - The art of loving, was also available on audio tape (ISBN: 0-945353-78-2)
  • 1959 - Sigmund Freud's mission: An analysis of his personality and influence
  • 1960 - Let man prevail: A socialist manifesto and program
  • 1961 - Marx's concept of man
  • 1961 - May man prevail: An inquiry into the facts and fiction of foreign policy
  • 1962 - Beyond the chains of illusions: My encounter with Marx and Freud
  • 1964 - The heart of man: Its genius for good and evil
  • 1966 - You shall be as gods: A radical interpretation of the Old and its tradition
  • 1968 - The revolution of hope: Towards a humanized technology
  • 1970 - The crisis of psychoanalysis: Essays on Freud, Marx, and social psychology
  • 1973 - Anatomy of human destructiveness
  • 1976 - To have or to be
  • 1979 - Greatness and limitations of Freud's thought
  • 1980 - The working class in Weimar Germany: A psychological & sociological study
  • 1981 - On disobedience and other essays
  • 1983 - For the love of life
  • 1994 - Love, sexuality and matriarchy: About gender
  • 1994 - On being human
  • 1998 - The essential Fromm: Life between having and being

Books that Erich Fromm wrote or edited with other scholars

  • 1966 - Socialist humanism (Ed.)
  • 1968 - The nature of man with Ramon Xirau (Eds.)
  • 1960 - Zen Buddhism and psychoanalysis with D.T. Suzuki
  • 1970 - Social character in a Mexican village with Michael MacCoby

Additional Information:

  • The International Erich Fromm Society has been "founded to maintain, to research, to develop further, and to pass on the scholarly findings and ideas of Erich Fromm as the fitting continuation of his international work and in recognition of his worldwide significance."
  • Neil McLaughlin, professor of sociology at McMaster University, has a wonderful article concerning why Fromm has been excluded from the history of the Frankfurt School. The article is entitled 'Origin Myths in the Social Sciences: Fromm, the Frankfurt School and the Emergence of Critical Theory.' It can be found in the 1999 Canadian Journal of Sociology, volume 24-1, pages 109-139 and here.
  • This site has three sound bites by Erich Fromm. If the site is ever removed, I have copies of the wav files.
  • The Erich Fromm Reader by Rainer Funk
  • Erich Fromm - His Life and Ideas: An Illustrated Biography by Rainer Funk
  • In Appreciation: Erich Fromm - A summary of Chapter Vice President Hugh Gillilan's presentation at the April (2000) general meeting of Humanists of Utah.

Great quotes by Erich Fromm:

  • Most people die before they are fully born. Creativeness means to be born before one dies.
  • Education makes machines which act like men and produces men who act like machines.
  • Man is the only animal for whom his own existence is a problem which he has to solve.
  • Reason is man's instrument for arriving at the truth, intelligence is man's instrument for manipulating the world more successfully; the former is essentially human, the latter belongs to the animal part of man.
  • Man may be defined as the animal that can say "I," that can be aware of himself as a separate entity.
  • Creativity requires the courage to let go of certainties.
  • Love is the only sane and satisfactory answer to the problem of human existence.
  • Nationalism is our form of incest, is our idolatry, is our insanity. "Patriotism" is its cult. It should hardly be necessary to say, that by "patriotism" I mean that attitude which puts the own nation above humanity, above the principles of truth and justice; not the loving interest in one's own nation, which is the concern with the nation's spiritual as much as with its material welfare -- never with its power over other nations. Just as love for one individual which excludes the love for others is not love, love for one's country which is not part of one's love for humanity is not love, but idolatrous worship.
  • Modern man thinks he loses something -- time -- when he does not do things quickly; yet he does not know what to do with the time he gains -- except kill it.
  • Conditions for creativity are to be puzzled; to concentrate; to accept conflict and tension; to be born everyday; to feel a sense of self.
  • Man's biological weakness is the condition of human culture.
  • In the nineteenth century the problem was that God is dead. In the twentieth century the problem is that man is dead.
  • If faith can not be reconciled with rational thinking, it has to be eliminated as an anachronistic remnant of earlier stages of culture and replaced by science dealing with facts and theories which are intelligible and can be validated - Man for Himself, pg.197